'Blood and fear are everywhere,' said a Balkh provincial heath official after ISIS elements managed to sneak explosives into a Shia mosque packed with worshippers.
Munitions and military hardware are being sent to Iran via the Shalamcheh crossing with Iraq, and from there to Russia via the Caspian Sea.
Rising unemployment and poverty have paved the way for ISIS recruiters in recent months to accelerate their efforts in the country, experts say.
Funds that Iran receives from China's purchase of its oil are likely being funneled toward weapons for Tehran's proxy groups.
Baloch separatists are crossing the border from Iran to launch attacks against Pakistani security forces, the Interior Ministry warned.
Herat residents praised Ukrainians' resistance in the face of Russian invasion on the 43rd anniversary of their uprising against the then-Soviet-backed government in Afghanistan.
Increasingly isolated, Moscow has asked its fickle ally for military, economic and political support. Unwilling to publicly back a global pariah, Beijing has equivocated.
The suicide bomber who attacked a Shia mosque in Peshawar last week was trained in Afghanistan, amplifying the threat of terrorism after the fall of the previous Afghan government.
For Afghans who remember the Soviet occupation of their country, Russia's invasion of Ukraine has striking similarities, and many see it ending in the same fashion.
Military analysts have drawn key parallels between Russia's invasion of Ukraine and the events of 40 years ago when Moscow suffered a costly, humiliating loss.