There is widespread distrust of China's Sinopharm vaccine, and some healthcare professionals believe that China is testing low-quality vaccines on Pakistanis.
For much of the past year, the Kremlin has been more focused on winning the public relations aspects of the pandemic than on fighting the virus itself.
Beijing's lack of transparency and selective data sharing have frustrated the team of international specialists tasked with probing the origin of the pandemic. No conclusive findings were made.
Beijing's spin took on more urgency in recent weeks as World Health Organisation (WHO) experts arrived in Wuhan to probe the origins of the coronavirus.
The statements of interviewed locals echo China state media's massive disinformation campaign that has been hammering home the success of Beijing, and failure of Western governments.
One year after the Wuhan lockdown, Beijing is eager to promote its narrative of how it contained the pandemic, but history tells another story.
Beijing's history of secrecy, disinformation and delays raises concerns that the team of World Health Organisation specialists will find a cold trail more than a year after COVID-19 first emerged.
Beijing barred WHO specialists from entering China at the last minute, highlighting the regime's continuing cover-up and attempts to whitewash the origin of the novel coronavirus.
Hundreds of millions of doses of Pfizer-BioNTech and Moderna, which have a 95% and 94% efficacy rates respectively, are rolling out worldwide.
Beijing is on a global charm offensive, analysts say, but its 'vaccine diplomacy' is not without conditions.