The Chinese projects are not benefitting local residents and are instead destroying the area's climate and traditional economy, say protesters.
Deprived of its previous sources of revenue, including oil smuggling, ISIS is struggling to find alternative means to raise money.
Prime Minister Imran Khan's Kamyab Jawan Programme is offering loans to youth seeking to start their own businesses.
The return of peace to the tribal regions means more opportunities to develop the sector, with millions of tonnes of minerals available for extraction.
Businesses, including the persimmon trade, are returning to the region, business owners say.
Pakistan will face long-term economic damage if China goes ahead with its projects, warned a US diplomat.
A revision of the Afghanistan-Pakistan Transit Trade Agreement will help identify and remove hurdles that are unfavourable for current transit trade, officials and businessmen say.
The efforts are aimed at 'providing sustainable livelihood and income opportunities for long-term economic growth' in the region.
The project will bring 6,000 jobs to one of Pakistan's least developed areas.
The government announced plans to slash civil expenditure, freeze military spending, and substantially raise revenues to stem a widening fiscal deficit.