India, which claimed the strike hit a militant camp in Balakot, had warned of retaliation after a recent suicide bombing in Kashmir killed 40 Indian security personnel.
The flareup along the Pakistan-India border could undermine peace efforts in Afghanistan, diplomats warn.
Saudi Crown Prince Mohammad bin Salman pledged $20 billion in investment projects and ordered the immediate release of over 2,000 Pakistanis from Saudi jails.
The two-day state visit is set to start February 16.
Ambassador Zalmay Khalilzad's recent visit to Pakistan was meant to push the Pakistani authorities to convince the Taliban to engage in direct talks the Afghan government.
The delegation expressed Afghanistan's desire to work closely with Pakistan on finding a political solution to peace with the Taliban.
Iran reportedly has recruited more than 1,600 Pakistanis in the past six months to fight in its militias in Syria and is running influence campaigns in an attempt to change Pakistani public opinion.
The Taliban are spreading conspiracy theories in an attempt to undermine a meeting of religious scholars aimed at finding a solution to the war in Afghanistan.
Despite the hurdles, recent goodwill gestures shown by Prime Minister Imran Khan to establish peaceful ties with India are a positive step.
Analysts say the US Secretary of State's recent visit to Pakistan carries the potential to 'reset' the recently strained relationship between the two countries.