Over the past four decades, the IRGC has increased its emphasis on ideological training, giving it equal weight with military training and rewarding those most committed to Wilayat al-Faqih.
Chinese media have enabled Kremlin propaganda to skirt bans in the West. Meanwhile, Chinese citizens are being indoctrinated with an anti-Western, pro-Soviet ideological campaign.
Intelligence suggests Putin is being misinformed by his own defence officials while possible power struggles are appearing amid an increasingly hostile domestic environment.
A deal for a Chinese-built base for Tajik security forces is the latest sign of Beijing's growing influence in Central Asia -- and of Russia's weakening clout.
The Emirati government was unaware that ships disguised as commercial vessels entering the Khalifa port were actually ships the Chinese military uses for signals intelligence collection.
Beijing's obsession with secrecy regarding the origins of the coronavirus has fuelled suspicions about the Wuhan Institute of Virology.
Chinese-made vaccines 'don't have very high rates of protection', a senior official said, raising concerns for the recipients of China's so-called 'public good'.
'Businessman' Yevgeny Prigozhin is pulling the strings on a number of influence campaigns around the world on behalf of the Kremlin, but the international legal noose is tightening.
The idea of absolute power, derived from an interpretation of a theological proposition, has been used to justify autocratic rule in Iran and the spread of 'revolution' across the region.
While Iran continues to fund regional instability and be unwilling to negotiate on its nuclear programme, the Arab world is getting closer together, and Israel is moving in.